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King Coconut

Ceylon King Coconut  Water

 

  King coconut is the water contained in a variety of bright orange colored coconut (cocos nucifera var. aurantiaca) which is indigenous to the tropical island of Sri Lanka. Being the premier, or “king,” of coconuts, in terms of its water, king coconut is filled with electrolytes, is refreshing, rejuvenating, healthy and delicious.

Sri Lanka boasts of a higher square area of king coconut cultivation than any other country in the world, and given that, in Sri Lanka, king coconut trees grow with little or no human intervention, their cultivation does not involve the use of fertilizers or pesticides.

King coconut (Cocos nucifera) is a variety of coconut, native to Sri Lanka where it is known as Thembili (Sinhala: තැඹිලි). Sweeter than regular coconuts, there are several sub varieties of the king coconut-the most common being the "red dwarf" (kaha thambili, commonly referred to as gon thambili). The other variety is "ran thambili",[2][unreliable source?] a smaller variety containing about forty nuts in a bunch. The king coconut tree is shorter than coconut trees, and are found commonly growing wild in many areas of the country.

King coconut water has been used in Ayurveda. One of the most common uses is a mixture of Aralu powder (Myrobalans) added to the water of one king coconut.[4][unreliable source?]

This Aralu brew according to Sri Lankan ayurvedic practitioners (also known as veda mahattayas) has the necessary properties to "expel heat from the body" therefore resulting in a feeling of freshness.[citation needed]

Sri Lanka now exports packaged king coconut water.

There are many cultivated coconut varieties found in Sri Lanka. Most of them are underway through national coconut research institute. According to a research carried away, they identified these varieties during a recent coconut germplasm exploration mission in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka.

Coconut in Sri Lanka is currently classified into 15 different coconut forms grouped under three varieties, namely 'Typica', 'Nana' and 'Aurantiaca'. The visual morphological features of several new coconut morphotypes were characterized with the objective of including them in the taxonomic classification of coconut in Sri Lanka.[5]It is also found in some parts of Kerala, here it is known as (Chomana Thenga) or red coconut.


Varieties and forms of coconut found in Sri Lanka

Common name

Variety/form

Features

Sri Lanka Tall

(Typical/Typica)

Tall stature, allogamous, heterogeneous, flowers in 6 —7 years, medium sized nuts, 20-25 nuts per bunch, 60-80 nuts per palm per year

Gon Thembili

(Typica/Gon thembili)

Similar to Sri Lanka Tall. Ivory colored nuts, petioles and inflorescences

Nawasi

(Typica/Nawasi)

Similar to Sri Lanka Tall. Soft mesocarp - edible in the immature nut yields soft fiber when mature

Pora pol

(Typica/Pora pot)

Similar to Sri Lanka Tall. Remarkably thick shelled nuts

Ran Thembii

(Typica/Ran thembili)

Similar to Sri Lanka Tall. Pink coloured mesocarp in immature fruit and a pink whorl under the perianth. Large nuts

Kamandala

(Typica/Kamandala)

Similar to Sri Lanka Tall. Large sized nuts (largest among local forms), and few nuts per bunch (2-5 nuts per bunch)

Bodiri

(Typica/Bodiri)

Similar to Sri Lanka Tall. Small sized nuts and large

number per bunch (30-100 nuts per bunch). Seasonal nut production

Dikiri

(Typica/Dikiri)

Similar to Sri Lanka Tall. Some nuts contain a jelly-like endosperm

King Coconut

(Aurantiaca/King coconut)

Intermediate stature, autogamous, homogeneous, fruits in 6-7 years, seasonal flower production, medium sized nuts with orange epicarp and sweet nut water, 25-50 nuts per bunch

Nawasi Thembili

(Aurantiaca/Nawasi thembili)

Similar to King Coconut. Soft and edible mesocarp like Nawasi

Rathran Thembili

(Aurantiaca/'Rathran thembili)

Similar to King Coconut. Pink colored mesocarp and a pink whorl under the perianth